Utkal Divas or Utakala Dibasha is held every April 1 to commemorate, after the fight to recognize itself as an independent state, the founding of Odisha State. Odisha was part of the presidency in Bengal under British rule, which includes today’s Bihar, West Bengal, and Odisha.
The state has a limited holiday on the day. The day is also known as Odisha and Vishuva Foundation Day.
How modern-day Odisha came into being:
- Orissa used to be the base of the Kalinga Kingdom in ancient India.
- In 250 BC King Ashoka invaded it, leading to the nation’s blooming under the Mauryan dynasty for almost a century.
- Then, under the Hindu dynasties, many of the great temples of Puri, Bhubaneshwar, and Konarak, such as King Harsha’s, were founded. The Sun Temple was constructed at Konark by King Narasimha Dev.
- In 1576, the Mughal Empire was defeated by the coastal Orissa. In the mid-1700s, Marathas took over several parts of the coast.
- The South Coast of Orissa was murdered by the East India Company after the Carnatic Wars with the Madras Presidency.
- The provinces Bihar and Orisa were established in 1912 from the coast of Bengal.
- Orissa was formed on 1 April 1936 as a province to speak Oriya.
State’s struggle for independence
- Following the ongoing struggle that finally took place on 1 April 1936, the new province of Odisha was created. The first state governor was Sir John Hubba.
- Senapati, Madhusudan, Utkala Mani, Gopabandhu Das, Fakir Mohan, Pandita Nilakanthe Das, and many others are notable leaders of the movement.
- Orissa was originally known as the Province, but in March 2011 Lok Sabha voted in favor of the Orissa Bill, and the Constitution Bill was amended 113thly.
Why is Odisha Day important for the people of Odisha
Kalinga was invaded in 261 BC in the region by King Ashoka in the Mauryan regime. The region became a part of Kalinga. King Kharavela started in Odisha after Mauryan’s rule. By crushing Magadh, Kharavela has succeeded in avenging the Mauryan invasion. Kharavela is a credit to historians for forming the foundations of the renown of Odisha as a land of art and architecture. He also succeeded in creating a strong political state.
The last Hindu king of Odisha was Gajapati Mukunda Deva. In 1576 the Mughals overthrew him. The British captured and broke the State in separate pieces some hundred years later. It was then called the Bengal presidency that the northern and west districts of the state were part of.
Odisha Day: History
The present Odisha was the biggest part of ancient Kalinga before. It saw the Kalinga War, which was waged by King Ashoka in 260 B.C. Later, before the British took over the administrative forces, the state was invaded and conquered by the Mughals in 1803.
Let’s claim that Bihar and Odisha were part of the western and northern districts of Bengal and the coastal area (earlier Orissa). The state was divided from Bihar after thirty years of revolution under popular leaders and on April 1, 1936, became a separate province.
This time the movement has been more intensively led by Utkala Gouraba Madhusudan Das, Utkala mani Gopabandhu Das, Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati, Pandita Nilakantha Das, Gangadhar Meher, Sir Basudeba Sudhaladeba, Radhanath Ray, Bhubananananda Das, A. P. Patro, and many others, and has publicly supported them. The movement has become more and more intense.
Odisha, recently formed in the former Orissa district of Cuttack, Puri, Baleswar, Sambalpur, Koraput, and Ganjam, comprised six districts. Cuttack was the capital of the district. He was the first Governor of the Province of Orissa. Sir John Hubbak took the oath of office.
Odisha Day (Utkal Divas): Celebrations
On today, different types of firecrackers are in the sky. Competitions for fireworks are popular. Various cultural activities are coordinated in the state. In the events organized by the government of Odisha, many indigenous songs are also performed.
Cuttack previously was the capital and Bhubaneswar is now. It has approximately 41,974,218 inhabitants (11th) and an area of 155,707 km2. The state had six districts before but now has 314, 314, 317, and Tehsils, 30 Districts.
The state of Odisha is situated in the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. In Kanika Palace, Cuttack, as a province in India on the 1st of April 1936 a modern state of Odisha was created, comprising speakers from Odia.
It is the ninth largest state by region in India and the 11th largest by population, as mentioned above. The interior of the state is sparsely inhabited and mountainous. Deomali is at 1672 m the highest point of the state. Intense cyclones are submitted to the Odisha.
The severe tropical cyclone caused significant damage and about 10256 deaths in October 1999. The state of Odisha is the home to the Hirakud Dam, the longest land dam in the world near Sambalpur.
It has several popular tourist destinations as well. Let us say to you that the Golden Triangle of eastern India is called Puri, Konark, and Bhubaneshwar. Several significant and archeological sites in Odisha include the Jagannath Sun Song, Puri’s Temple, the Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneshwar’s Dhaulagiri Caves, Ashoka’s famous Rock Edict in Jaugada, close to the city of Berhampur, the Barabati Fort of Cuttack. The South of Ashoka is the most famous of these sites.
Let us have a glimpse at the History of Odisha
If we read history, we will know that a big turning point has taken place in Odisha in world history. One of the bloodiest battles in Mauryan history was Kalinga Battle, Ashoka’s military war against Kalinga. Ashoka was forced to give two orders in Kalinga to call for fair and benign administration.
Ashoka later contributed to the dissemination of Buddhism’s teachings and philosophy across Asia. Ashoka was unconquered by the southwest of Odisha Ativ Territory. The Tel River civilization has shed light on the great civilization of Kalahandi, Balangir, and Koraput in the past. Built about 2000 years ago, the civilized and urbanized people lived in the country and Asurgarh was the capital of the discovered riches in the Tel Valley.
In reality, Kalahandi, Koraput and Bastar, as stated in Ramayana and Mahabharata, were part of Kantara. In the 4th century, Indravana was known, from which precious gems and stones in Maurya’s imperial history were gathered. A Maurian emperor was known as the Atavi Land during the Ashoka era in the region of Kalahandi and Koraput and Bastar and this land was not taken as a record in Ashokan.
It was known as Mahayana during the early Christian period. In the 4th century A.D Vyaghraraja was the ruler of Majakantara, consisting of Kalahandi, Koraput indiscriminate, and the Bastar area. Mahakantara’s capital was Asurgarh, Emperor Kharvela’s Hatihumpha inscription, and Udaygiri Konark Sun Temple is one of India’s famous temples and is a World Heritage site founded by the Eastern Ganga dynasty.
Therefore Odisha was created on 1 April 1936 as a separate province, separated from Bihar, and it is a state of archeological importance.