The third Scorpene class submarine ‘Karanj’ was launched at Mazagon Dock on Wednesday. Karanj is the third of the six Scorpene class submarines being built by shipbuilder Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) under the P-75I project.
Admiral Sunil Lanba, chief of the naval staff, who was the chief guest said, “It is one of the most advanced submarines and better than those that the enemy country has. As of now, four to five companies have responded to the request for information (RFI) issued by the Indian navy. The meeting has also been conducted with the Indian navy and finalisation of the firm will soon be decided.”
Last year, on December 14, INS Kalvari, the first Scorpene class submarine was commissioned into the Indian Navy by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The second one, Khanderi was launched at MDL in January last year, which is currently undergoing the rigorous phase of sea trials. It is also scheduled to be delivered shortly to Indian navy.
Leveraging the experience and the transfer-of-technology of the Scorpene project, with enhanced and upgraded infrastructure, MDL is ready to undertake construction of the next generation submarines.
The contract for the construction and transfer-of-technology for six Scorpene submarines in series has M/s Naval Group (formerly DCNS) of France as ‘Collaborator’ and are being built by MDL.
The state-of-the-art technology utilised for construction of the Scorpene class submarines has ensured superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, hydro-dynamically optimised shape and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons.
The attack can be launched with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, whilst underwater or on surface. The stealth of this potent platform is enhanced by the special attention given to various signatures. These stealth features give it invulnerability, unmatched by most submarines.
Scorpene submarines can undertake multifarious types of missions — Anti-Surface warfare, Anti-Submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, area surveillance etc.
The submarine is designed to operate in all theatres, with means provided to ensure interoperability with other components of a naval task force. It is a potent platform, marking a generational shift in submarine operations.