Golconda Fort

Posted on by KNBT

Golconda Fort, locally known as Golkonda Fort is a 16th Century fortress and ruined city lying 8 Km west of Hyderabad in the Telangana State of India. It was the capital of the Golconda Kingdom and a centre of power of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. Golconda territory extended from the lower reaches of the Godavari and Krishna river to Bay of Bengal coast. Golconda fort was an impregnable fort built on a 120-meter high hill. Its past glory can still be felt by observing the mighty ramparts and the high-rise fortification surrounding it. Due to its high rise structure, it enjoyed the benefit of spotting the enemy approaching the fort easily.

Qutb Shahi dynasty ruled the kingdom from 1512 to 1687 CE with Golconda as its capital. In 1687 Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb attacked the kingdom and conquered the fort which then became part of the Mughal Sultanate.

The fort is known for its excellent work of engineering at that time. Its big gates had iron spikes studded in it to prevent it from the enemy’s elephants breaking it down. The hidden pipeline lying underneath the fort provided an uninterrupted supply of water even in times of war and the most
astonishing among all features was the acoustic design of the fort which echoed even a low sound from the entry gates in the entire fort complex. The fort has four drawbridges, eight gateways and many halls and stables with the outermost gate called the “Fateh Darwaza” through which the
armies of Aurangzeb entered the fort after capturing it in 1687. All these reasons made Golconda fort a much-aspired fort for the mighty rulers of that time.

Golconda was known for its world-famous diamonds also known as the Golconda diamonds which were obtained from the mines in the vicinity of the area like the Kollur Mines(present-day Andhra Pradesh). This area developed as a world trade centre for some of the largest and purest diamonds of the world which was very significant for the kingdom at that time. The Golconda region has produced some of the World famous diamonds like Koh-i-Noor, Daria-i-Noor, Blue Hope, White Regent, Dresden Green, Orlov, Nizam, Jacob, among many others.

If you ever get some time, do visit this magnificent fort to witness the past glories of South India. Its high rising structures will give you a far-reaching view of the surrounding areas extending almost till the horizon. On climbing further you can see the stunning Deccan plateau and have a bird’s eye view of the city below. In the evening, a unique light and sound show is organised which takes one back in time to the glorious days of Golconda.
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