India observes National Farmers Day on December 23 each year to commemorate the anniversary of the birth of former Indian Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh. During this day, the government organizes various activities and conferences, workshops during agriculture.
National Farmers Day is celebrated annually, particularly in those states that are actively engaged in farming, like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh. Chaudhary Charan Singh is also as popular as the master of a family.
About National Farmers Day
National Farmers’ Day is observed on 23 December each year. India’s cabinet had agreed in 2001 to mark Farmers Day. The ‘Zamindari Abolition Bill-1952’ is claimed to have been passed because of the diligent work of Chaudhary Charan Singh.
About Chaudhary Charan Singh
• From 28 July 1979 until 14 January 1980, he was India’s Prime Minister. He is also recognized as Indian Farmers’ Chief.
• Chaudhary Charan Singh was born on December 23, 1902, in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh.
• He considered casteism to be the root of slavery and said that there cannot be equality, prosperity, and security of the nation with the caste system.
• He framed several policies to improve the condition of farmers during his tenure.
• Chaudhary Charan Singh was elected the UP and Prime Minister’s first non-congress CM in 1979.
• He has published books such as The Elimination of Zamindari, Deprivation, and Remedies in India, and Myth Proprietorship.
• In 1979, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) was established as Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister. On 28 July 1979, Chaudhary Charan Singh became the Prime Minister of the country with the support of various political parties.
• Chaudhary Charan Singh passed away on 29 May 1987. His shrine is known as Kisan Ghat and is situated in New Delhi.
Why are farmers important?
Farmers are a very important part of the agricultural industry. It is obvious that every State’s farming sector will fail without farmers. Agriculture fulfills the need for food as the grown crops can be harvested like wheat, sugar cane, rice, and many others and then can be processed further until they are ready to be transported.
None of these things would be possible without farmers, as for the growth of healthy crops with a reasonable yield nurturing and care is important which can only be provided by them. Farmers do not only grow food; they grow other crops that are used for clothing. Farmers are the central part of society.
What is it like being a farmer? Are farmers happy?
In real Farmer’s has a very hard life in India. They have to do a lot of hard work and struggle. As in India, Farmers are less or not educated, they don’t know much about using high technology in the Agricultural sector and thus they are mostly doing it manually. If someone doesn’t believe my words please go and have 1 day of work with any Farmer, you will find inside and outside about India Farmer.
Nowadays definitely Indian Farmers are much more advanced than previously. They are now started using different technology and idea to improve their productivity. Then also the majority of Indian farmers are poor and need a lot of support from the current government.
There are several differences in the lifestyle, farming methodology, cropping, water usage, culture, language, religion, etc amongst Indian farmers. But, the love for the land is paramount. Most city-dwellers — especially the globalized ones — look at it just as a commodity and don’t understand the idea of treating soil as your mother or praying to the same, but that’s the link farmers have always had with soil.
Despite all this, there is no greater joy than being in your land and tending to it. That is the one emotion that will keep farmers farming.
What can be done for the betterment of farmers?
India has taken tremendous steps in ensuring food security in the years after independence. Its population has decreased, however food grain production has more than quadrupled; thus a large rise in the per capita food grain available.
Yet they should do something. In India, crop yields are only just 30 to 60 percent of the highest viable crop yields attainable in established and other emerging countries’ farms. And the bad infrastructure and unorganized shopping mean India has one of the highest post-harvest diet loss rates in the nation.
Here are some of the measures that will further foster agriculture.
Create awareness in rural areas among farmers that declaring and filling agricultural income does not attract any income tax and making them file IT returns.
Creating incubation companies capable of bringing awareness among farmers on land soil, fertility, seasons, available market, equipment, and easy methodologies, to promote produce and market the same with insurance.
Creating funds to provide agriculture loans without security and by simple application process for all farmers and making it easy for farmers to approach any banks for these types of loans. And waiving off processing charges and expedite approval of farming loans if they are real.
Nationalizing rivers and interstate water sharing in the righteous sense with constant monitoring of water resources for farm use and prevention of misuse of water and farmlands.
The present agriculture minister in India
Union Minister Narendra Singh Tomar took charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s welfare.
Union Minister Narendra Singh Tomar lauded the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for his dynamic leadership and his concern for farmers. He said acting on poll promises the Modi government in its first cabinet meeting approved the extension of the PM-Kisan income support scheme to all farmers, removing the ceiling of two hectares, and also cleared a pension scheme for agriculturists. A recent program to monitor animal diseases was also taken to help farmers rearing livestock.
The minister said the path-breaking pension plan would include pension benefits for farmers who are working day and night to keep our nation alive. It is also the first time since Independence that such pension protection for farmers has been envisaged. It is projected that in the first three years 5 low- and marginal crore farmers themselves will benefit. On PM-Kisan he said that the revised Scheme is expected to cover around 2 crores more farmers, increasing the coverage of PM-Kisan to around 14.5 crore beneficiaries.
Five approaches to raise Indian farm distress
Indian farming faces extreme market uncertainty, pollution threats, and indebtedness. Because most farmers—86 percent — are low and marginal with diminishing and fragmenting land holdings, these complexities render them more fragile and risk-prone.
Rising sales. Agricultural transition in India is incredibly sluggish. So the cycle of producing higher farm income is also sluggish. The production increase was the main objective of raising incomes. It is welcoming that Prime Minister Narendra Modi proposes doubling the income of farmers by 2022—a paradigm shift. Success will depend on how farmers are aggregated for production and marketing through the promotion of contract farming, cluster farming, farmer producer organizations, and self-help groups.
Generating employment opportunities: India’s Situation Assessment estimated that if alternate options were open, more than 40 percent of farmers would like to leave farming. Agriculture is becoming crowded and does not provide incentives for daily jobs. Without daily jobs in rural areas, rural communities, particularly young people, are moving to urban areas to seek better opportunities and incomes. By 2020, citizens aged 15-34 will make up 34 percent of India’s population; over 70 percent of India ‘s youth now reside in rural areas.
Reducing Agriculture Risks: For years, the threats faced by the farmers have risen. All production and market threats generate continuing agrarian distress. The incidences of droughts, flooding, variations in weather, and unseasonal rainfall and hailstorms are growing and have a detrimental impact on agricultural development. Yet farm crop prices have plummeted steeply, hurting farmers ‘ incomes badly, including during usual years. The National Agricultural Insurance Program for the prime minister is already in operation to offset any damages in growth.
Developing Agriculture Infrastructure: Agri-infrastructure — including agricultural markets, cold storage, factories, and agro-processing — has not grown with that agricultural output at a comparable pace. The agri-infrastructure speed is well behind what’s needed to develop the agri-food system as a whole. During the past, greater emphasis was put on agricultural crop production.
Improving the agricultural standard of life: Simple services (including sanitation, education, clean water, irrigation, childcare, and health centers) remain lacking in rural India. Three years earlier, each member of parliament and state legislatures were urged by the Prime Minister to embrace one village and strive to turn it into a model village. The primary aim was to include the necessary services that would enhance the standard of living in rural areas.